Life Expectancy: 12 - 16 years
Dog Breed Group: Toy Dogs
Weight: 4 - 7 lbs.
Height: 8 - 10 inches
See where this beloved breed ranks in comparison to other breeds in 7 key categories.
The Pomeranian may prove more difficult to train than other breeds; however, with a stern training method, they learn quickly.
The Pomeranian is known to shed frequently. To reduce the amount of fur in your household, your Pomeranian should be brushed at least twice per week to maintain a healthy coat.
The Pomeranian is a high-maintenance breed and should be groomed regularly.
Pomeranians don't suffer from significant health risks like large breed dogs do, but this smaller breed does have a propensity for allergies and eye issues.
Your Pomeranian does not require a significant amount of exercise but should be taken for a brief walk each day.
The Pomeranian is not recommended as a child-friendly dog. They are known for their ‘snappy’ personality if they believe they are higher in rank in the household than a child. They are also easily harmed which makes them less of a choice for a small child household.
Barking is the largest problem found with this breed. Their excessive barking can prove to be overwhelming at times.
The Pomeranian is the smallest member of the Spitz family. The Spitz family includes the Alaskan Malamute, Samoyed, and Norwegian Elkhound breeds. The Pomeranian is known for her independent yet friendly personality. They are also known for their “big dog” complex which means they firmly believe they are much larger than they are. The “big dog” complex results in them being feisty toward other dogs much larger than themselves.
You may be surprised to know the Pomeranian is sometimes used as a guard dog due to their loud bark and hesitance toward strangers. Their bark may get them in trouble sometimes though, as they are known to bark excessively at times.
The Pomeranian is a breed which is chosen by families who cannot pay constant, continuous attention to their pet. The Pomeranian is extremely independent and is happy if you are present but also will entertain himself if you are not.
The Pomeranian, due to their small size, is not recommended for homes with young children. Due to their small size, they can be harmed fairly easily if not cared for properly. They are also known to be snappy if they see themselves as higher in the pack than another individual in the household.
Pomeranians are difficult to train in comparison to other dogs due to their stubborn personality. Due to their small size, unless you are paying close attention you may not realize they need to go out. Paying close attention during training is crucial.
Pomeranians are known to shed in moderate amounts. They shed their undercoat once per year and will excessively shed throughout this time period. Brushing your Pomeranian twice each week will significantly reduce the amount of fur found throughout your home.
Allergies - Pomeranians are known to suffer from food allergies and may be allergic to some outdoor elements. If your Pomeranian begins licking her paws excessively or rubbing his face, you should have him or her checked by your veterinarian as soon as possible.
Eye Problems - Pomeranians are known to have a range of eye problems including dry eye, cataracts and tear duct issues. Eye problems are likely to occur in young adult Pomeranians.
Legg-Perthes Disease - Pomeranians are known to develop Legg-Perthes disease which is essentially the lack of blood supply to the head of the femur. Initial symptoms generally appear between 4 and 6 months of age.
Collapsed Trachea - This dog can easily develop a collapsed trachea by pushing too hard against their collar when walking. Be careful not to tug on the leash when walking with your Pomeranian.
- Periodontal Disease - infections of the structures around the teeth, which include the gums, periodontal ligament and alveolar bone
- Gastritis - inflammation, irritation, or erosion of the stomach lining
- Otitis - middle ear infection
- Conjunctivitis - pink eye
- Gastroenteritis - inflammation of the gastrointestinal tract
- Colitis - inflammation of the large intestine or colon resulting in diarrhea or loose stools
- Dermatitis - inflammation of the skin
- UTI - urinary tract infection