Life Expectancy: 12 - 15 years
Dog Breed Group: Companion Dogs
Weight: 14 - 18 lbs.
Height: 10 - 14 inches
See where this beloved breed ranks in comparison to other breeds in 7 key categories.
The Pug isn't the easiest breed to train, however, with a stern training method they catch on fairly quickly.
Many Pugs do not shed often.
The Pug does not require a significant amount of grooming. The Pug is a low-maintenance breed.
Pugs are known to have more health issues than similar small to medium breeds, and are prone to obesity, cherry eye, allergies and skin conditions.
Your Pug does may not require a significant amount of exercise and prefers to be sedentary the majority of the time. They do have some energy though. You should provide your Pug with a moderate amount of exercise to prevent obesity problems.
Pugs can very good with children and enjoy being part of the family.
These dogs are not extremely vocal. Excessive barking is not a common problem in this breed.
Pugs are extremely playful, energetic dogs who require a great deal of attention. They are very close to their family and expect to be with their family at all times. They are a true “center-of-attention” dog and may develop behavior disorders if ignored.
They are known to be good watchdogs; however, they are not big “barkers.” They are very good with other animals and good with small children.
They Pug does not enjoy guarding, hunting or retrieving. They were bred to be a companion dog. They believe they are here to please you and be at your side. If you are searching for an independent dog, this is not the dog for you. If you are searching for a companion, the Pug may be perfect.
The Pug is also mainly sedentary and enjoys cuddling rather than running around. They are great apartment-dogs for this reason. They are perfectly content as long as they are near their pet parent.
The Pug is known to be extremely stubborn and may be more difficult to train in comparison to other breeds. Throughout training, it is necessary to be assertive and confirm your position as pack leader for training to be successful.
The Pug needs minimal grooming. Their grooming routine involves ear cleaning and a weekly brushing.
Obesity - The Pug is a breed which easily becomes obese. Free-feeding should often not be permitted with this breed to avoid overeating. You should also limit their treats to ensure they remain at a healthy weight.
Walking Dandruff - The Pug is known to have ‘walking dandruff’ which is caused by a small mite. If you notice a significant amount of dandruff, you should contact your veterinarian immediately. The mites are contagious as well so if you have other dogs, they should also be treated.
Cherry Eye - The Pug is known to exhibit cherry eye. Cherry eye results from the protrusion of the third eyelid in the corner of one or both eyes.
Pug Dog Encephalitis (PDE) - PDE is an inflammatory brain disease that is unique to the Pug breed. There is not a significant amount of research done on this disease and researchers often do not know a Pug has this disease until they test their brain following death. PDE often affects young Pugs.
Allergies - Some Pugs are known to suffer from contact and/or food allergies. If your Pug is rubbing his face in excess or licking his paws excessively, you should contact your veterinarian.
Demodectic Mange - Demodectic mange is caused by a tiny mite. This mite is not able to be passed from dog to dog (not contagious) other than when a mother passes it to her puppies. Demodex mites live in the hair follicles of a dog and may be a nuisance when a dog’s immune system is compromised (young age, old age, illness).
- Otitis - middle ear infection
- Periodontal Disease - infections of the structures around the teeth, which include the gums, periodontal ligament and alveolar bone
- UTI - urinary tract infection
- Dermatitis - inflammation of the skin
- Colitis - inflammation of the large intestine or colon resulting in diarrhea or loose stools
- Intervertebral disk disease (IVDD) - cause of back pain, rear limb paralysis, and inability to walk or feel the back legs
- Pyoderma - bacterial infection of the skin
- Corneal Ulcer - open sore on the outer layer of the eye