Dogs are experts at using their physical posture to communicate their feelings. Everything from your dog’s posture to the way he positions his ears and the way he holds his tail conveys exactly how he is feeling at any given moment.
Read on to learn what to look for!
The way your dog holds his ears can tell you a lot about his mood. If a dog’s ears are pinned back against his head this can mean that he is scared, stressed, or nervous.
Ears that are perky and pointed forward indicate that a dog is alert. Perhaps he just caught an intriguing scent, or he sees another dog in the distance.
If your dog’s ears are sitting to the side or slightly back, this can mean your pup is relaxed and calm.
Your dog’s tail position is another way to tell what his current mood is. An upright, rigid tail is a sign of dominance. Perhaps your pup is standing up to another dog that is barking at him or he’s feeling unsure of the stranger knocking on the door.
A raised and wagging tail is a sign of excitement. You’ll likely notice your dog’s tail in this position when you come home from work each day, or when you pick up his leash at walk time.
A horizontal tail indicates that your dog is alert. He’s intrigued by something, whether it be a person, a smell, or a situation, and he’s deciding what to do next. If you play fetch with your dog, you might notice his tail in this position as he waits in anticipation for you to throw the ball.
If your dog’s tail is low it means he’s relaxed. This is probably your dog’s most common tail posture when you’re hanging around at home. His tail tells you he’s comfortable in his environment.
When a dog tucks his tail between his legs or pins it low against his body it means he’s scared or stressed. It’s probably not common to see your dog like this, but if you do, give him space and try to remove him from the stressful situation.
Canine body language does not end with the ears and tail. There are all kinds of additional signals that can help you understand more about your dog. These will vary from dog to dog, as each animal is an individual, but many of them will be the same.
Yawning can be a sign that your dog is nervous or stressed. However, it can also mean that your dog is excited. After all, context is everything. Dogs often yawn in an attempt to calm themselves, which explains why he may yawn when both excited or nervous.
Next time your dog yawns, note the situation. Does he yawn when you reach for the treat bag or his leash? Perhaps he yawns when he’s meeting new people or dogs. Though, if he’s yawning after a long day of playing, he might just be tired!
It’s wise to be cognizant of this behavior so you can remove your dog if you sense that he’s becoming overwhelmed.
Similar to yawning, dogs may lick their lips to calm themselves. And yes, they also do it when they are hungry.
Again, try to note when your dog licks his lips so you can understand which situations make him nervous. Does he do it when having his paws handled? During bath time? At the vet’s office?
Whenever your dog feels nervous, offer him some additional support to reassure him.
When deciphering your dog’s body language it’s important to look at the big picture. Dogs rarely employ just one of these signals at a time. Just as humans may shout when they are excited or angry, your dog may have perky ears when he is alert or dominant. You will be able to tell which it is by noticing the body language of his ears, tail, and stance altogether.
Next time you interact with your dog, pay special attention to his body language. Try to notice how his posture changes when he is in situations that might make him happy, excited, stressed, or relaxed. Understanding the basics of dog body language is sure to strengthen your bond with your pup. It will also help you read the communication signals of other dogs you meet, and thus avoid any unfortunate interactions.
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