Lifespan: 12 – 15 years
Weight: 25 – 38 lbs.
Height: 10.5 – 12.5 inches
Do I shed?: Yes
Personality: Reserved, strong-willed, independent, moderate-to-high energy
Common health problems: Hip dysplasia, progressive retinal atrophy, degenerative myelopathy
Cardigan Welsh corgis are long and sturdy dwarf dogs with very sweet faces. They’re low set and characterized by their fun pointy ears.
Cardigan Welsh corgis have a double coat that comes in a few colors. Like the corgi breed itself, all of these colors look rather posh.3
- Black and white
- Black merle and white
- Brindle and white
- Red and white
- Sable and white
- Blue merle
Cardigan Welsh corgis have a medium-length coat. They shed rather heavily, especially during the spring and fall seasons. In general, you should be grooming your corgi every 4 – 8 weeks to keep their coat presentable and healthy.
Cardigan Welsh corgi puppy ears are funny because they’re born with floppy ears but they stand upright after 2 – 6 months. This is because it takes a few months for the cartilage in their ears to fully develop. Some breeders temporarily tape or glue them upright to help the cartilage to form much more quickly, but some pups might keep one or both ears floppy regardless of outside assistance. Cartilage formation takes time, so patience is needed.4
Cardigan Welsh corgis are unlikely to have any drooling problems. If you notice your Cardigan Welsh corgi is excessively drooling, contact your veterinarian.
What My Adoption Bio Would Say:
Just because I’m shy at first, doesn’t mean I won’t love you and your family. Have patience with me and I’ll be your best friend. After all, I’m fun-sized and energetic, ready to play with your entire household!
The Cardigan Welsh corgi temperament is highly intelligent but stubborn. They’re loyal and loving, but only once they know and trust you. Unlike their more social cousins, the Pembroke Welsh corgi, Cardigans are rather reserved, but once they’ve chosen you as their person, you’re beloved.
Corgis are highly intelligent. They’re responsive to training, especially with some love. They pick up voice commands and routines quickly and respond well to positive reinforcement.
Because corgis were raised to herd cattle, they’re used to regular exercise. They’re prone to chasing and often get “the zoomies,” where they fly through the house. This is their way of telling you they have energy to burn off or want to play. They love to play fetch, but you should also give them treat-based toys and puzzles to stimulate their minds, too.
The herding nature of corgis make them excellent family dogs. They’re so devoted and loyal to their family that they may try to shepherd and corral small children. This habit may be hard to break due to their ingrained stubbornness, so it might take extra effort to train them out of it.
Similar to how they act with families, corgis are great with other pets. They’re friendly and kind, but may also end up bossing them around them in some situations.
Corgis are a particularly vocal type of dog. They bark to show excitement, boredom, or to alert you. However, if you start training them while they’re young, you can teach them when it’s appropriate to bark. But remember that they’re herding dogs — they were bred to work and bark to keep cattle in line, so don’t expect them to keep quiet all the time.
Celtic tribes brought Cardigan Welsh corgis to Wales in the 1200s as cattle drovers. They quickly became popular and were used as herders all over Britain. Their low stature let them nip cattle and then dart away without getting kicked. The American Kennel Club (AKC) formally recognized them as a breed in 1935.3
Cardigan Welsh corgis are an older breed than the Pembroke Welsh corgi. The corgi types are often confused, but are two distinct breeds.
There are many different types of Cardigan Welsh corgi mixes, but here are a few favorites:5
Your Cardigan Welsh corgi may experience a variety of health issues, including:
- Hip dysplasia: This is a painful skeletal condition affecting the hips.
- Progressive retinal atrophy
- Degenerative myelopathy
Cardigan Welsh corgis are generally healthy dogs, but there are still a few conditions good owners should watch out for. A MetLife dog insurance policy can help keep your corgi in good health, and could help you finance any care or treatment if needed.1
Chronic degenerative radiculomyelopathy (DM) is a spinal disease.6 DM weakens a dog’s hind legs over time, eventually resulting in paralysis. DM generally appears in middle-aged to senior dogs, but some puppies have had it. Without a clear diagnosis, it can present as arthritis or hip dysplasia. Dogs with DM all have similar symptoms with stumbling, weakness, and struggling to get up.
The diagnosis process can be an expensive mix of physical exams, X-rays, and neuromuscular testing. However, to formally diagnose it, your dog will need a histopathology, which just means that a pathologist looks at a tissue biopsy. DM is incurable and progressive paralysis is inevitable. While there’s no treatment for DM, physical therapy and some vitamins do help the quality of your corgi’s life. Pet health insurance can help you access and afford physical therapy.1,2
Progressive retinal atrophy (PRA) is an incurable disease where the cells of the retina atrophy, or waste away. This genetic disease comes in two types: early onset and late onset. Early onset is usually spotted in puppies under 3 months. Early onset PRA happens when the retina’s cells don’t develop properly, which leads to blindness. Meanwhile, late onset is usually spotted in adult or senior dogs. Late-onset PRA happens when the cells degenerate, also causing blindness.7
PRA isn’t usually noticed until a dog begins to act as though something is off. Maybe your corgi is bumping into tables, more timid in the darkness, or moves slower in unfamiliar places. If you suspect your dog is starting to lose their vision, take them to the vet for an eye exam. They may refer you to a veterinary ophthalmologist for an electroretinogram (an electric eye scan). Both the appointments and the scan can be expensive, but pet insurance coverage could make the diagnosis and care process more affordable.1,2
Cardigan Welsh corgis are sweet, adorable, and make wonderful companions. Treat them like a member of your family by giving them the best medical care. With a MetLife dog insurance policy, you can keep them healthy and be prepared if they ever get sick. Get a quote here.