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Life Expectancy: 12 - 15 years
Dog Breed Group: Terrier Dogs
Weight: 12 - 20 lbs.
Height: 12 - 14 inches

Where Does the Miniature Schnauzer Rank?

See where this beloved breed ranks in comparison to other breeds in 7 key categories.


The Miniature Schnauzer isn't the easiest breed to train, however, with a stern training method they catch on fairly quickly.

Shedding Friendliness

The Miniature Schnauzer does not shed often, and if it does, it may not even be noticeable. This breed is known for being hypo-allergenic.

Ease of Grooming

The Miniature Schnauzer does not require a significant amount of grooming. To ensure a healthy coat, you should brush their coat three times per week and groom them once every month or two.


The Miniature Schnauzer is known to have more health issues than similar small to medium breeds, and are prone to eye issues, allergies, muscular disorders and blood diseases.

Exercise Needs

Your Miniature Schnauzer will need daily exercise; however, is happy doing everything you do. They are happy simply following you around.

Good with Children

The Miniature Schnauzer is very good with children and enjoys being part of the family.

Barking Restraint

Barking is not a large problem with this dog. Barking often only occurs if there is a perceived threat to their family.

What You Need to Know About Miniature Schnauzer Dogs


The Miniature Schnauzer is a popular dog breed all over the world. Why? The Miniature Schnauzer is a “people” dog. They are very stranger friendly and known to be incredibly loyal to their pet parents.

The Miniature Schnauzer does require a lot of attention so if you won’t be home often this is not the dog breed for you. The Miniature Schnauzer is happy as long as he gets to spend time with you frequently.

These dogs are also known for their tricks. They are extremely quick learners and can learn most, if not all, of the tricks you show them.


The Miniature Schnauzer is eager to please you but is also incredibly stubborn. Do not let his stubborn attitude fool you, he is extremely intelligent. He knows exactly what you are wanting him to do; the question is, does he want to follow your commands? During training, it is extremely important to remain stern in your commands and repeat a command if necessary.


The Miniature Schnauzer should be groomed every month or two to keep a healthy coat. They do have a double coat (wire-like top coat). They do not shed often, though. Their wiry topcoat catches any loose hair they may have. To prevent matting, you should brush your Miniature Schnauzer two to three times per week.

Health Problems

Cataracts - The Miniature Schnauzer is prone to the cloudy appearance in the eye lens known as cataracts at an old age.

Progressive Retinal Atrophy - PRA is the deterioration of the retina. This often results in a dog becoming blind at night and later in the disease may result in complete loss of vision.

Entropion - Entropion is generally seen in Miniature Schnauzers at approximately six months of age. This is a surgically corrected condition.

Myotonia Congenita - This hereditary skeletomuscular disorder is similar to muscular dystrophy and is seen in puppies as early as several weeks of age. These puppies experience difficulty getting up, have enlarged and swollen tongues, peak-shaped lower jaws and may have difficulty swallowing. Ensuring you find a puppy with a responsible breeder may avoid this gene from entering the litter.

Von Willebrand’s Disease - This is a disease which is found in both humans, as well as dogs. A dog which has this blood clotting disorder may suffer from nosebleeds, bleeding gums and/or blood in their stool. This is generally seen in dogs beginning at three years old and is not curable. This disease can be managed, though. Treatments include cauterization of injuries and the avoidance of particular medications.

Top 10 Most Common Health Issues for Miniature Schnauzers

  • Otitis - middle ear infection
  • Dermatitis - inflammation of the skin
  • Gastritis - inflammation, irritation, or erosion of the stomach lining
  • Periodontal Disease - infections of the structures around the teeth, which include the gums, periodontal ligament and alveolar bone
  • Allergies
  • Conjunctivitis - pink eye
  • Cysts
  • Gastroenteritis - inflammation of the stomach and/or intestines caused by infection with bacteria, viruses, parasites, or reactions to medications or new foods
  • Pyoderma - bacterial infection of the skin
  • UTI - urinary tract infection

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Nothing in this article should be construed as financial, legal or veterinary advice. Please consult your own advisors for questions relating to your and your pet’s specific circumstances. 

1 Pet Insurance offered by MetLife Pet Insurance Solutions LLC is underwritten by Independence American Insurance Company (“IAIC”), a Delaware insurance company, headquartered at 485 Madison Avenue, NY, NY 10022, and Metropolitan General Insurance Company (“MetGen”), a Rhode Island insurance company, headquartered at 700 Quaker Lane, Warwick, RI 02886, in those states where MetGen’s policies are available. MetLife Pet Insurance Solutions LLC is the policy administrator authorized by IAIC and MetGen to offer and administer pet insurance policies. MetLife Pet Insurance Solutions LLC was previously known as PetFirst Healthcare, LLC and in some states continues to operate under that name pending approval of its application for a name change. The entity may operate under an alternate, assumed, and/or fictitious name in certain jurisdictions as approved, including MetLife Pet Insurance Services LLC (New York and Minnesota), MetLife Pet Insurance Solutions Agency LLC (Illinois), and such other alternate, assumed, or fictitious names approved by certain jurisdictions.