Lifespan: 13 – 15 years
Weight: 25 – 35 lbs. (standard)
Height: 15 – 19 inches (standard)
Do I Shed?: Yes
Personality: Loving companion, energetic, highly trainable
Common Health Problems: Dental disease, Legg-Calve-Perthes disease, progressive retinal atrophy
Affectionately known as “the Eskie,” the American Eskimo is recognized by the American Kennel Club in three different sizes: toy, miniature and standard. All Eskies are known for their fluffy white coats and curled tails.
According to the American Kennel Club’s official breed standards, all Eskies have a medium-length double coat.3 White is the only standard coat color, but those with biscuit-colored markings are accepted by the club.
The Eskie is a heavy shedder. If not brushed properly, you may find large amounts of fur throughout your home. Due to its undercoat, the Eskie requires thorough brushing at least three times per week to avoid matting and maintain a healthy coat and skin.
American Eskimos have upright, triangular ears and a feathered tail that’s carried on their back.
Eskies are not likely to drool.
What My Adoption Bio Might Say:
Just like my circus-performing ancestors, I’ll jump through hoops for your love! I’m smart, spunky, and ready for fun. Pick me to be your next family member!
The American Eskimo dog is known for their spunky, clever personality. This dog is very affectionate and social and becomes very attached to their family. American Eskimos need strong bonds with their owners. Eskies are often suspicious of strangers at first but eventually open up, wanting to be everyone’s friend. Because of their need for attention and mental stimulation, many American Eskimos can develop behavior issues, like separation anxiety, if neglected or undertrained.
Among one of the most trainable breeds, the American Eskimo is highly adaptable and easy to train. They are very strong-willed, however, and require a relatively firm approach for successful training. The Eskie is also intelligent enough to learn commands by watching other dogs.
The American Eskimo dog is extremely energetic and always ready for a new adventure.
With a large amount of energy, they must have regular and frequent opportunities for exercise to prevent destructive behavior. Vigorous exercise several times a day and frequent mental challenges are highly recommended.
The Eskie’s energy level does calm down once they reach middle age.
The Eskie is an excellent family dog and absolutely adores children. Remember that all dogs should be supervised around young kids and kids who don’t interact with dogs often.
Just like children, the American Eskimo is affectionate with all other family pets and should get along well with unfamiliar dogs after perceiving no threat.
Barking may become a problem with this breed, especially when left alone for too long. The Eskie is known for being vocal, so teaching your dog when and when not to bark can be an effective tool to curb excessive barking.
The American Eskimo is a Nordic breed and member of the Spitz family of breeds.4 They were originally bred as German farm dogs and were brought to America by German immigrants, along with the Eskie’s relative, the German Spitz.
American Eskimos make excellent companions in cold weather, but now that their farm dog days are past them, they are most comfortable indoors.
Fun fact, the American Eskimo was a mainstay in trained-dog acts among traveling circuses and vaudeville troupes.5 Some believe the Eskie is the first and only dog to walk a tight-rope.
Some popular mixes of the American Eskimo include:
● Eskipoo - American Eskimo and poodle mix
● American Eagle Dog - American Eskimo and beagle mix
● Aussimo - American Eskimo and Australian cattle dog
● Pomimo - American Eskimo and Pomeranian
● Cockamo - American Eskimo and cocker spaniel
● Chimo - American Eskimo and Chihuahua
● Cav-a-Mo - American Eskimo and Cavalier King Charles spaniel
The American Eskimo may experience a variety of health issues, including:
● Dental disease
● Ear infections
● Hip dysplasia
● Legg-Calve-Perthes Disease
● Progressive retinal atrophy - a group of degenerative diseases that results in gradual blindness
Although generally healthy, American Eskimos can experience a number of costly conditions. With a MetLife1 dog insurance policy, you may get help covering the costs associated with the diagnosis and treatment of some of these conditions. 2
Legg-Calve-Perthes Disease (LCP) is a joint condition. In LCP, the blood supply in the head of the femur is decreased, leading the bone cells to die and the femur to break.6 LCP can lead to stiffness and pain. X-rays are required to diagnose this disease. Treatment for severe cases can include hip replacement.
Pyoderma is a bacterial skin infection, sometimes referred to as impetigo in puppies.7 This infection includes lesions on the skin that can lead to dryness, hair loss, and itching. Diagnosis typically requires a physical exam and cultures. Treatment can include antibiotics, topical sprays, and medicated shampoos.
Signing up for a pet insurance policy early can help ensure your dog has coverage before an issue becomes a pre-existing condition.2 If you’re considering dog insurance for your Eskie, check out our guide on how pet insurance works.